Concrete has been used for centuries, from the Roman Empire to today. It is a versatile material that can be shaped into many different forms. This blog post will discuss some of the most important and historical examples of concrete architecture throughout history.
The Pantheon in Rome is one of the most famous Roman monuments. It was built by an emperor named Hadrian, and it was completed around 125 AD. The larger-than-life building can hold up to 12,000 people at a time because of its colossal dome design. The exterior features eight columns which were used as firebreaks on the interior walls that could be closed with big bronze doors or openings during danger times such as fires within the city limits. This ancient structure has stood for more than 1800 years without any major renovations needed!
Another monumental example from antiquity is Trajan’s Market in Rome today known as Mercati Traiani Esposizione Universale Roma (MTER). Construction started under Emperor Trajan in 106 AD and was completed under Emperor Hadrian in 117 AD. The design of the building is modeled on a Roman basilica, which usually had an entrance facade with two columns supporting either end of the roof, as well as sections divided by rows or pillars to form individual shops (known today as “basilicas”). This structure measures approximately 110 meters long and 43 meters wide for its interior space; it has four levels including basements used for commercial purposes.
The Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana was constructed from 1938 to 1943 for the World Exhibition of 1942. It is located in Rome and has been known as the “Square Colosseum” or simply, the Square. This building was a symbol of Fascist power and Benito Mussolini’s desire to create an Italy that could compete with other world powers at the time. The facade features six colossi representing important aspects of Roman civilization: Trajan (war), Romulus (law), Mercury (commerce) etc., while inside there are two levels containing three halls each; one level used for meetings and conferences, one on ground level which accommodates up to 2500 people seated or 5000 standing spectators and a third level which accommodates up to 5000 people seated or 10000 standing spectators.
The Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana at the World Exhibition of 1942 was never fully completed, but now serves as an art gallery and event space for Rome’s National Museum of the 21st Century Arts (Museo Nazionale delle Arti del XXI Secolo). The museum is located in one end of the building; it has seven exhibition spaces on four levels that each have different themes including science and technology, video games, eco arts etc.
These are just some examples from history using concrete that have stood up through time! One can see how versatile this material truly is when one considers what architects do with it nowadays. Whatever construction needs your project may require – whether you need something temporary like scaffolding or more permanent like a foundation, concrete can do the job for you.